Monday, 28 December 2015

More budget cut blues in education

From the ABC

Fresh concerns have been raised over the potential consequences of the Federal Government's overhaul of the childcare sector.

The Government has proposed legislation that would end a program that provides funding for services specifically tailored for Indigenous children.

It wants to move these services into the mainstream funding system but Indigenous communities fear some centres will be forced to close as a result.

Yappera Children's Service, in Melbourne's north, is one of hundreds of centres around the country providing early education designed for Indigenous children.

The centre's chief executive officer Stacey Brown said she was worried about the future of the centre.

"I think that there's a lot of uncertainty under the new model of funding," Ms Brown said.

Child care providers say the changes will impact upon "vulnerable" families the most

"There's a lot of danger and our most vulnerable families will be the most impacted under this new model of funding.

"We see red flags that are going to impact on our families and I think that we will see those families no longer accessing our services in the future."

Services such as Yappera operate as part of a Government program called Budget Based Funded (BBF) services.

They receive an annual Government grant and some services do not charge parents any fees.

But the program is due to end by July 2017 when the Government's overhaul of the childcare sector comes into effect.

Services of this kind will have join other childcare centres under the mainstream funding model.

Leanne Gibbs from the Community Child Care Cooperative said the change will have big implications.

"Children will miss out because budget-based services and Aboriginal child and family services have been developed and established to meet the particular needs of Aboriginal children and families and they've been doing a fantastic job delivering that service," Ms Gibbs said.

"But trying to fit within a mainstream model means that those particular services won't be able to offer such an effective delivery of early childhood education.

"What I think we'll see with these proposals are more children missing out, rather than more children engaging and wherever we see children trying to fit in with a mainstream model, it just doesn't work."

But the Education Minister Simon Birmingham said the new funding regime will be simpler and fairer, claiming there were problems with the BBF program.

Ms Sydenham said BBF services played an important role in Indigenous communities which needed their own funding stream.

"They provide really quality early learning services but they also provide a huge scope of other services that support children's early development, that support families and particularly those most vulnerable families, they outreach to those families," she said.

"They really have that trusted relationship that supports families to deal with whatever crisis is coming up.

"So if these services go down, then the communities lose a lot more than child care.

"These are essential community hubs [and] we're really concerned [that] through this process are just not getting enough attention by the Government."

The Federal Opposition's Early Childhood spokeswoman Kate Ellis said she shared the concerns.

"What we do know is one service alone out of these Budget Based Funded services will be half a million dollars out of pocket," Ms Ellis said.

"So we fully expect that as a result of this change many of these services just will not be viable and will be shut down which means many of Australia's most disadvantaged children will be locked out of early childhood education.

"We know that in every single state and territory in Australia Indigenous children have lower participation rates in early childhood education and we all need to be working to close that gap, not shutting down services that some of them have access to."

On top of this the Health Minister has announced cuts to Medicare services related to treatments for ear, nose and throat complaints which will directly impact indigenous Australians especially in remote communities  who have particular heath issues in these areas. With their announcement on Gonski, Briggs quitting in disgrace and Brough being made to finally step down I wonder what other little gems will be announced between now and New Years?

Interesting story from the Independent

Australia is one of the very few countries in the OECD that publicly funds private schools. More than 40% of Australian secondary children now attend private schools - either so-called independent or religious schools. Australia has one of the most privatised school systems in the OECD.

Prior to 1972 no private schools received any government funding whatsoever in this country. While most OECD countries have a private school system, very few of them receive public funding. Think about England, the home of the elite private school, and the exclusive private schools in the USA: not one cent of taxpayer’s money goes into their budgets.

Chile’s divestment in private schools

It’s time to rethink this mistaken inequitable policy and, like Chile, stop all public funding to private schools and redirect it to disadvantaged public schools.

Chilean President Michelle Bachelet announced a radical set of educational reforms last year that will dismantle the market-based approach in primary and secondary schooling.

Due to the market structure imposed in the 1980s by Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, the education system is the most socioeconomically segregated in the OECD, favouring private, for-profit schools with nearly 52% of enrolled students attending them. The same thing has occurred here in Australia - not imposed by a dictator - but under our very noses.

These Chilean reforms include the end of public funding to private, for-profit schools, to make all primary and secondary education free of charge, and prohibit contested selective practices used in school admission processes. Their education reform bill is an upheaval of the system in order to change the benefits of education from being for an affluent minority to the deserving majority. These reforms are to be paid through new taxes on the wealthy and business.

So where is our (public) education money going?

New figures from the Productivity Commission show that government funding increases between 2008-09 and 2012-13 massively favoured private schools over public schools.

Funding for private schools in Victoria, for example, increased by 18.5% per student, or eight times that of public schools. Across Australia, the dollar increase for private schools was nearly five times that for public schools. The average increase for private schools was A$1,181 per student compared to only A$247 for public schools.

Other research indicates clearly that the equity gap between our school systems has continued to grow since the Gonski review in 2011.

Each private school pupil now receives, on average, a non-means-tested public subsidy of over A$8000 per year at the expense of the less privileged public school student. So much for the end of the age of entitlement.

In addition, pupils with disabilities in public schools receive up to A$12,000 of extra support while those in some private schools get more than A$30,000.

Do private schools outperform public schools? Is there a return on this public investment?

Parents can spend up to A$30,000 a year on private education. According to the Australian Scholarship Group, the forecast cost of sending a child to private school in Melbourne is $504,000 over 13 years of schooling after tax, in addition to the massive public subsidy these schools receive.

A new analysis of school NAPLAN test results shows that the results in like public schools are just as good as those in private schools. The analysis reported:

The often-presumed better results of private schools are a myth. Public schools are the equal of private schools. Public, Catholic and Independent schools with a similar socio-economic composition have very similar results.

Other research found similar results for HSC in NSW:

If you’re just looking at academic results, it probably isn’t worth paying all that money for an elite private school.

But don’t private schools save public money? We all pay taxes!

The private school lobby often makes this spurious claim alongside the claim that those who choose private schools already pay taxes so should receive at least a contribution from their taxes to pay for that education choice.

Independent Schools Victoria claims that sending a child to a private school is actually a saving to the taxpayer of A$5000 per student.

This is akin to the Automobile Chamber of Commerce suggesting the use of private cars not only saves public money on public transport but actually wanting their members to receive a subsidy on the purchase of their new Mercedes or BMW.

Similarly, no one believes that those choosing to use private toll roads should receive a subsidy for the use of the toll instead of driving on the public and free road system that their taxes have funded.

The massive ongoing disparity in funding increases for public and private schools is a national disgrace and scandal. The learning needs of disadvantaged students are being ignored by the priority given to funding more privileged sections of the community.

Unacceptably large percentages of low socio-economic status, Indigenous and remote area students do not achieve national standards in literacy and numeracy. There are huge achievement gaps between rich and poor schools.

More than 80% of low socio-economic and Indigenous students are enrolled in public schools. Only the full implementation of the Gonski recommendations would ensure that we improve educational outcomes in our under-resourced public schools without additional drain on the budget bottom line.

Given there is an ever-shrinking tax base, we need a discussion about gradually reducing public funding to private schools by 25% every four years until it is zero. This should give these schools time to get their budgets in order. Prior to 1972 they were doing quite well without public support.

Chile plans to present further legislation to Congress that would bring the country’s public schools, currently run by local municipalities, under direct control of the Ministry of Education. The legislation would also establish a national teaching policy and make higher education free to all but the richest families.

On the signing of the education reform bill, President Bachelet said:

Today we are fulfilling what we promised Chile, to begin a process of deep transformation of our education system, which will ensure quality, gratuity, integration and an end to profit-making in education. It is not fair that the resources of the Chilean people, instead of enriching our education, enriches private individuals.

If only such a commitment would be made by Australia’s political leaders.

No comments:

Post a Comment